4 Methods For Closing Your Speech That Will Make a Lasting Impression

The last thing you want in public speaking is to leave your audience abruptly hanging without the knowledge that you have concluded. In my previous article, I discussed the need for signaling the end of your talk. The 2nd criterion, however, involves reinforcing your central idea.

The most common closings are:

1. Briefly Summarizing Your Development.

If you have a few subtopics, then you could end your speech or presentation by briefly listing those subtopics which all serve to reinvigorate your main topic. While the most common means to conclude, the summary is a safe method even if it is the least interesting and the least compelling. However, many speakers on the public speaking end in this fashion and they are quite successful.

2. Referencing Your Opening.

If you have a dynamic beginning, by all means use it in your closing. One of the benefits of returning back to your opening is that it gives unity to your message, psychologically. One of the ways I open my presentation on voice improvement is by asking the audience a question about the sound of their speaking voice. By asking that same question in my closing, I reinforce the central idea – the fact that most people do not like hearing themselves on recording equipment and that everyone has a better voice inside which they are unaware of. My final question gives them pause for thought as well as signaling the end.

3. Using a Quotation.

In researching your topic, you should discover a very good quote relevant to your speech, consider using it as your closing statement. In doing so, be sure to give credit to the writer. [Incidentally, quotes are wonderful to use through your presentation because they lend credibility to you, the speaker. They show that you are well-researched and know what you are talking about.]

4. Making a Dramatic Statement.

Being able to give a dramatic closing is the most novel method of the four. It takes a great deal of originality on your part but it is well worth the effort because it gives your audience a dynamic and vital ending with a lasting impression.

When devising your concluding thoughts, do not whimper out. Go out with a bang if at possible. Practice your material so that you know in advance exactly how you will end. While I do not advocate memorization in public speaking, I strongly urge aspiring speakers to memorize their opening 3 or 4 lines. By the same token, having your conclusion in memory might be a good idea as well. Do not leave your final words to chance.

How to Get Affordable Automobile Insurance in Minnesota

Minnesota is one of the states where forced insurance is legal. This means that for anyone who purchases a late model car, the lien holder can take out comprehensive coverage on the vehicle and charge the new owner for the cost. Not only is this intrusive but it tends to be very expensive too. A much better and affordable approach is to seek out your own automobile insurance policy.

When you are in the market for automobile insurance in Minnesota first consider who will be covered under your policy. If you or your spouse is over the age of fifty-five, you can save on insurance costs if you take a defensive driving course to prove that you aren’t a risk behind the wheel. If you have a teenager in the home that is itching to drive, enroll them in a driver’s training course. Classes like this, although costly, do help to reduce insurance costs substantially.

Another way to find affordable automobile insurance may be with your home insurance company or the company that underwrites your family’s health insurance. Many companies offer reduced rates to clients who purchase two or more types of insurance from them. This is a great way to actually save on all your insurance costs, so ask your agent if this is an option for you.

Parking in a safe place has rewards in terms of the money saved on insurance too. If you have a garage that is filled with odds and ends, clear it out and put your car in there at night. The insurance company you deal with may see that as a safer spot than on the street and they’ll give a small discount for it. You won’t know what automobile insurance deals you are eligible for until you ask your agent what discounts there are.

Las Vegas Hotel Reservations

Las Vegas has room for everyone – rich or poor. If you have enough money to burn, the city will offer you high-class luxury hotels. And if you talk to yourself before every dollar you spend, you can find a host of cheap hotels that suits your pocket.

Although you can still try the traditional method of calling up a hotel and making reservations by telephone, the best method for doing so is online. Online reservation will save you a lot of money. And the money saved will be worth the trouble of surfing the Internet and comparing the rates offered by different hotels. What's more, if you choose to go online, you are illegally to end up landing in a no-vacancy hotel or making last minute booking in a desperate hurry. Las Vegas offers you over 100,000 hotel rooms to choose from. It's unimaginable you will not find a single one that fits your budget.

Most hotels accept credit cards and have safeguards to protect your personal information.

As prices depend on currency fluctuations, they may vary on a daily basis. But once you make a booking, the currency exchange rate for that booking is fixed at the rate at booking creation date.

If you want to cancel your booking, do it online. If you notice directly to the hotel, the hotel will not treat it as valid and full payment will be applied. All cancellations or changes will incur a charge.

In most hotels, there is a limit as to how many people stay in a room. So take care that your booking clearly indicates the number of people staying. Most hotels usually charge an extra amount for the extra people. Child policies are likely to be different in different hotels. In the case of a refund, the amount will be credited directly to your credit card.

Most hotels will offer you a single room, double room, twin room, triple room or quad room.

Future Shock: Voice Recognition Identification Technology

Backgrounder: Kay Hughes, flight attendant for today's non-stop coast-to-coast flight is busy checking her catering order and prepping the cabin. Bob Harmon is the captain and Jeff Mortowski is his first officer. Both are located in the cockpit going over the pre-flight checklist. The pax are from various companies in the New York area or individuals on personal business who have bought seats on his flight.

The Story: Kay woke up with a start as the alarm on her clock radio blared. Reaching across her pillow, she noticed the time, 5:15, and hammered the snooze button in the hopes of grabbing another five minutes of sleep. Tired as she was, her mind began to race as she considered the day ahead. In less than four hours she would be enroute to LA with an aircraft full of passengers. Slowly the thought of additional sleep became less important as she considered all that she had to do before leaving Teterboro. Quietly she slipped on her robe and slippers, poured herself a cup of coffee, and slinked into the shower.

As Kay walked across the tarmac, she saw the fuel truck pulling up to her aircraft and the cater at the gate waiting for a security clearance. It was 6:48 and already she could feel the heat lifting off of the pavement. Another scorcher she thought; at least LA will be cooler.

Kay greeted Jeff who was busy extending the fuel delivery; she then climbed onboard the GV and brave a similar greeting to Bob who was occupied with updating paperwork. Bob finished what he was doing and briefed Kay with the day's schedule. Minutes later Kay turned to assist the approaching caterer with the day's order. Within the hour, the first of the passengers began to arrive. Each sat in the lobby of the FBO waiting to be boarded. At precisely 8:00 am, Kay left the aircraft and walked down the ramp to the FBO. She whispered to the waiting security agent who signaled to the FBO customer service representative to make the boarding announcement. "Ladies and Gentlemen, Jet Aviation Flight # 001 departing TEB for LAX is now boarding. flight. "

Kay turned and left the FBO and walked back to the aircraft. Both pilots were onboard completing their preflight preparations. Kay stand at the bottom of the steps leading up to the aircraft waiting for the security agent to bring the passengers to the plane. She knew that with fourteen passengers the security clearance would take a bit longer than normal.

Kay considered waiting inside the cabin to keep cool, but knew that it was important that she greeted the passengers at the base of the steps in case one of them needed assistance climbing up. "" It must already be 85 degrees out here, "she thought as she watched the heat vapors rise off the pavement.

After what seemed like an inordinate delay – Kay's hair was slowly losing style in the heat – Bob poked his head out of the cockpit and said, "Sorry for the delay, but we used another one." Startled, Kay stammered, "You mean one of the passengers failed security clearance?" Bob replied, "Not only that but he is on the FBI's wanted list of suspected terrorists." The remaining passengers checked out okay, but we'll be delayed until the agents finish interviewing them to see if they know the guy. " Despite the heat, Kay shivered as she thought of the potential chain of events a terrorist onboard the aircraft might unleash.

Her fears graduated subscribed when Jeff reminded her that the VOICE RECOGNITION IDENTIFICATION TECHNOLOGY (VRIT) unit in the FBO was flawless in the near six months of use. Over that time, twenty-six people with a criminal element were dropped, most of which had been charged previously with petty crimes [such as tax evasion] and were either on the run or would be in violation of their parole restrictions had they left the state. Today marked the first time that a suspected terrorist was caught and as the squad car sirens wailed, Kay knew that this day would be anything but normal.

The above account is fiction , but it pre-supposes a couple of things that could occur in the intervening years that would bring about similar results, ie, additional and more widespread terrorist attacks being a preliminary consideration. In addition, a change in the way we do business, ie, selling seats to individuals instead of selling the entire flight to a company or an individual would have to occur – no longer would you have a lead passenger who could identify all of the other passengers. VRIT is now within reach and will, more than likely, become the norm of the day. Essentially, it works this way: a person speaks into a device that immediately matches the voice pattern with one in the database. The database identifies the person and when a match is made, the person is clear [unless the database turns up a warrant for their arrest].

Naturally, in order to get onboard a flight we would require passengers to be part of that database. This could occur if VRIT becomes as mandatory as holding a social security number or a driver's license. Foreign nationalities would have to be keyed into the same system to make it work, so the potential for a worldwide Orwellian-type system would be great.

Recently, I had the opportunity to meet with Russ Cooper, a managing partner with COMPUTEK, a Wall Street company that has developed the latest generation of VRIT. He shared with me that both the FBI and CIA use an older generation of VRIT and his company is marketing the current one. Their customer base potential is impressive: government agencies, security firms, airports, airliners, automobile manufacturers, you name it. Wherever a positive id on a person is needed, their technology might be utilized.

According to Russ, the technology is fail-safe. When I mentioned that a voice impersonator like a Richard Little type could sneak by, he claimed that VRIT would still know who he was even with the "Richard Nixon" voice. Similarly, voice patterns are distinguishable even when disguised.

We did not discuss "price" as he was not marketing his product directly to me. I can only imagine that the costs involved would be significant, but then I began to think that they could possibly be offset by lower insurance premiums if insurance companies see the benefit of "guaranteeing" passenger security.

So what role could the flight attendant play in utilizing VRIT? Perhaps in lieu of a security agent [especially in an out of the way places like Bozeman, Montana], a VRIT unit would be assigned to your aircraft – much like a cardiac defibrillator monitor – and you would greet each passenger as they boarded the aircraft. Before the aircraft could be cleared for takeoff, the passengers would speak into the hand VRIT and be given a security clearance on the spot.

Let's return to our story and amend it with the security check being placed directly in the flight attendant's hands:

Kay walked down the GV's steps carrying her mobile VRIT device and waited as the passengers exited the FBO and made their way to the aircraft. She announced, "Welcome onboard Jet Aviation flight # 001 bound for Los Angeles. Please speak your name into the VRIT unit. if you need additional assistance, the captain will be glad to help you. "

One by one the passengers filed by, saying that their name and waiting for the green clearance light to flash. As they spoke, a signal was transferred to an orbiting satellite and then beamed to VRIT headquarters in Washington, DC. As the last of the passengers approached, Kay continued to greet each one and wait for clarification. Finally, when all passengers were cleared, she climbed the steps and had both pilots speak into the VRIT unit. At last, Kay laid the unit in the First Officer's hands in order to have him run clearance on her. Kay cleared her throat, spoke her name, but after an extended pause, the VRIT beeped loudly and signaled red. The color in Kay's face drained away and she turned to flee. Within moments several arms arrived forward to appreciate her as sirens wailed in the background.

All she could think about was running away …

Startled, Kay awoke from her dream as the snooze alarm blared away.